Urology is an important medical specialty serving infants, children, adults and seniors living with conditions affecting their urinary tract. Doctors who specialize in urology, known as urologists or urologic surgeons, also help men who have issues related to their fertility and reproductive organs.

What specific conditions do urologists diagnose and treat, and how can you know if and when it's time to meet with one yourself? Read on to see how a urology team at SIU Medicine can help those in need.

Conditions Treated by Urologists 

The urinary tract is part of your excretory system. It's made up of the kidneys, bladder, ureter and urethra, which all work together to remove waste and excess fluids from your body. The male reproductive system, which is also treated by urologists, is made up of the prostate, testes, scrotum and penis. 

Did you know? Urologists are trained as surgeons, but they provide both surgical and non-surgical services when caring for their patients. At SIU Medicine, our board-certified urologists have undergone years of extensive training and frequently help people affected by conditions such as: 

  • Complex urinary tract infections
  • Male infertility
  • Men’s health issues
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Urinary strictures
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Kidney stones
  • Cancers of the kidney, bladder, testes or prostate
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Neurogenic bladder dysfunction (often found in people with Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, diabetes or other conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord or nerves)

Signs It Could Be Time to See a Urologist

Some people put off seeing a urologist because they're embarrassed about their symptoms. Alternatively, they might not think their symptoms are a reason for concern.

But while signs and symptoms of urinary problems aren't always related to something serious, it's a good idea to seek professional help sooner than later. A urologist can determine your diagnosis and get you the individualized treatment you need, so you can feel better and avoid long-term problems or complications, which can be severe in some cases. 

Here are seven signs that it's time to consult a urologist:

  1. You have trouble controlling or emptying your bladder.
  2. You're urinating very frequently—so much so that it starts to interrupt your activities of daily life. 
  3. You have frequent urinary tract infections, which typically present with symptoms such as increased urinary frequency and burning when you pee.
  4. You have pain in your pelvic area.
  5. You think you might have a kidney stone.
  6. You're a male who has erectile dysfunction.
  7. You're a male who has concerns about your fertility. 

Ultimately, if you're wondering whether a urologist could help address your concerns and health goals, don't hesitate to call and find out. Our team at SIU Medicine takes a multidisciplinary yet personalized approach to care, and are able to collaborate with other colleagues to ensure you receive comprehensive services fit for you. 

Would You Like to Meet with a Urologist?

SIU Medicine remains at the forefront of health care in the central Illinois area. If you'd like to find out more about our urology services or schedule a consultation with an experienced urologist in your area, call SIU Medicine today at 800.342.5748. 

Topics: Urology